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Lithops Care Sheet


Lithops, commonly known as "living stones,"  or "Beeskloutjies" in Afrikaans, also called "skaappootjie" or "perdeklou" by natives, are unique, succulent plants that mimic the appearance of small stones or pebbles. Native to southern Africa, they thrive in arid environments and are popular for their distinctive appearance and low maintenance requirements. Proper care is essential to keep them healthy and promote flowering.

Light Requirements

  • Sunlight: Lithops require plenty of bright light. Ideally, they should receive at least 4-5 hours of direct sunlight daily. However, in extremely hot climates, they may benefit from some protection from intense midday sun to prevent scorching.
  • Indoor Lighting: If grown indoors, place them in a south-facing window where they can get ample light. If natural light is insufficient, supplement with a strong grow light.


  • Watering Schedule: Lithops have a unique watering cycle that corresponds with their growth stages. They need minimal water and can be prone to overwatering, which can lead to root rot.
    OVER WATERING is the biggest problems experienced with them!
    Rather UNDER WATER!!!
    • Summer: During the dormant period (usually in the heat of summer), do not water at all.
    • Fall/Winter: Begin watering in late summer or early fall when new growth appears. Water only once and wait at least 1 month before reevaluating. You might need to water only once.
      DONT WATER while new leaves are appearing.
    • Spring: Water only if needed after new leaves appeared.
  • Watering Method: Water deeply but infrequently. Ensure the soil is thoroughly dry within hours
  • Soil Type: Use a well-draining, gritty mix designed for cacti and succulents. A mix of cactus soil with added sand or perlite works well.
  • Potting: Plant Lithops in shallow pots with drainage holes to prevent water accumulation.

Temperature and Humidity

  • Temperature: Lithops prefer temperatures between 65-80°F (18-27°C) during the growing season. They can tolerate higher temperatures if kept dry.
  • Humidity: They thrive in low humidity. Ensure good air circulation to prevent excess moisture around the plants.


  • Frequency: Fertilization is generally not necessary for Lithops. If you choose to fertilize, do so sparingly, using a diluted, inorganic low-nitrogen cactus fertilizer once a year during the growing season.


  • Frequency: Lithops do not require frequent repotting. Repot only when they have outgrown their container or the soil has degraded, usually every 3-4 years.
  • Method: Handle with care to avoid damaging the delicate roots. Repot during the dormant period to minimize stress.

Pests and Problems

  • Common Pests: Watch for mealybugs and spider mites. Treat infestations with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
  • Common ProblemsOverwatering is the most common issue, leading to root rot. Ensure proper watering practices and use a well-draining soil mix.

Additional Tips

  • Dormancy: Understand the dormancy cycle and adjust care accordingly. During dormancy, cease watering.
  • Flowering: Lithops typically flower in the fall, producing daisy-like flowers. Adequate light and proper care can encourage blooming.
  • Propagation: Lithops can be propagated by seed, which requires patience as they are slow growers. Sow seeds in a well-draining mix and keep them moist until germination.


By following these guidelines, you can enjoy the unique beauty of Lithops in your collection for many years.

Lithops bromfieldii - RED/PURPLE - LARGE = 9cm pot

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