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Hydrocotyle leucocephala Aquarium Care Sheet

Hydrocotyle leucocephala, commonly known as Brazilian Pennywort, is a versatile and attractive aquatic plant that can thrive in aquariums. Its bright green leaves and rapid growth make it a popular choice for both beginners and experienced aquarists. Here is a care sheet to help you keep your Hydrocotyle leucocephala healthy and vibrant in your aquarium.

1. Lighting:

  • Hydrocotyle leucocephala can thrive in low to high-intensity lighting. It is an adaptable plant that can adjust its growth rate depending on the available light. However, for the best results, provide moderate to high lighting in the range of 2 to 4 watts per gallon.

2. Water Parameters:

  • Temperature: 70°F to 82°F (21°C to 28°C)
  • pH: 6.0 to 7.5
  • Hardness: Soft to moderately hard water (2-15 dGH)

3. Substrate:

  • While Brazilian Pennywort can be planted in the substrate, it can also be left floating or anchored with weights. If planted, use a nutrient-rich substrate or add root tabs to promote robust root growth.

4. CO2 Injection:

  • CO2 supplementation is not mandatory for Hydrocotyle leucocephala, but it can enhance growth. If you choose to use CO2, provide it at a moderate level.

5. Water Flow:

  • Ensure good water circulation in the aquarium. Gentle to moderate water flow is suitable, as strong currents may uproot the plant if it is anchored in the substrate.

6. Fertilization:

  • Regularly dose a balanced liquid fertilizer or use dry fertilizers to supply essential nutrients. Pay attention to the levels of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) to prevent nutrient deficiencies.

7. Pruning and Maintenance:

  • Trim the plant regularly to control its growth and maintain the desired shape. Brazilian Pennywort can grow rapidly, so pruning will help prevent it from overshadowing other plants or blocking light.

8. Planting or Floating:

  • Brazilian Pennywort can be planted in the substrate or left to float on the water's surface. Floating plants often grow more rapidly and provide shade for fish and other aquatic life.

9. Lighting Duration:

  • Provide a photoperiod of 8 to 10 hours per day to support healthy growth. Using a timer for your aquarium lights will help maintain a consistent lighting schedule.

10. Algae Control: - To prevent algae growth on the plant's leaves, maintain good water quality through regular water changes and proper filtration. Algae-eating fish or invertebrates can also help control algae in the aquarium.

11. Compatibility: - Hydrocotyle leucocephala is generally compatible with most fish and aquatic species. However, avoid herbivorous species that may consume the plant.

12. Growth Rate: - Brazilian Pennywort is known for its fast growth rate, so be prepared to trim and manage it regularly to maintain its appearance in your aquarium.

13. Propagation: - Propagation is simple with this plant. It naturally produces runners with new plantlets. You can cut these runners and replant or let them grow into new plants.

14. Disease and Pest Control: - Inspect your plant for signs of disease or pests regularly. Quarantine new additions to your aquarium to prevent potential issues from spreading.

Hydrocotyle leucocephala is a fantastic addition to your aquarium, offering beauty and functionality. Its lush green appearance and adaptability make it a great choice for aquarists of all levels. By following these care guidelines, you can enjoy the benefits of this versatile aquatic plant in your aquarium setup.

Hydrocotyle leucocephala - Brazilian pennywort - rooted

  • Rooted portions:
    These portions comes with established roots.

    Rooted portions are preferable to the standard potted version because these plants already have developed roots in the soil, simplifying the acclimatization process.

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